PANDA allows the adjustment of 1D-, 2D- und 3D- Networks with up to 5000 points in special versions even more).

One of PANDA’s characteristics is the rigorous combination of conventional terrestrial measurement-data (total station, levelling) with GPS-data and Lasertracker-data. The innovative concept of the so-called “datum-free” adjustment can be applied.

Coordinate systems

Storage of Networks


The observations are organised in groups, to each group individual accuracy and additional parameters can be assigned.

Additional Variables

By introducing additional parameter the datum defect of the network can be raised. The Parameter will be determined by the approximate coordinates.